National Deworming Day is observed on 10th of February in India. The day was launched in the year 2015, by Ministry of Health and Family Welfare (MoHFW), Government of India.
The aim of this day is to deworm all children between the ages of 1-19 years and to provide them good health and quality of life. The deworming drug is distributed free of cost at schools and anganwadi centers.
According to World Health Organization (WHO), In India, about 241 million children between 1 to 14 years of age are living at risk of parasitic intestinal worms also known as soil-transmitted helminths (STH).
A soil-transmitted helminth (Intestinal parasitic worm) infection is a sub-group within the group of helminth infections. It is caused specifically by those helminths (worms) which are transmitted through soil contaminated with faecal matter and therefore called soil-transmitted helminth infections.
Adverse effects of STH on nutritional status are as following:
STH infections can be prevented by taking small measures :
Education on health and hygiene reduces transmission and reinfection of STH by encouraging healthy behaviours such as:
Soil-transmitted helminth has adverse effects on the growth and physical development of a person.
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Frequently Asked Questions may be accessed from : National Deworming Day- Operational Guidelines , Mohfw, Government of India(Annexure 6, Page No.33)