National Nutrition Week is celebrated every year from 1stSeptember to 7th September. The theme of the National Nutrition Week for 2016 is "Life cycle approach for better Nutrition". The main objective of this campaign is to create awareness on the importance of nutrition for health which has far reaching implications on development, productivity, economic growth and ultimately national development.
Nutrition is a focal point of health and well-being. It allows you to be strong, provides you with energy to do the things and makes you look and feel good. According to WHO, "Nutrition is the intake of food, considered in relation to the body’s dietary needs". Nutrition is an issue of survival, health and development for current and succeeding generations.
Malnutrition is defined as "a state of poor nutrition caused by insufficient or unbalanced diet". It is one of the major health problems especially in developing countries. Malnutrition is estimated to contribute to more than one third of all child deaths .One out of three world's malnourished children lives in India .Malnutrition has adverse effects on human health and development. It also results in loss of productivity and economic backwardness.
As the saying goes, "you are what you eat". Good nutrition combined with a regular physical activity is the cornerstone of good health. Healthy children learn better. People with adequate nutrition are more productive. On the other hand, poor nutrition can lead to reduced immunity, increased vulnerability to disease, impaired physical and mental development, and reduced productivity.
""Good nutrition prepares healthy individuals, it eventually leads to a healthy nation".
What are the elements of a Healthy Diet?
Food consists of six specific types of nutrients: proteins, carbohydrates, fats, vitamins, minerals and water, all of which are necessary for life, growth, body function and tissue repair.
What is Balanced diet?
A balanced diet is one which provides all the types of nutrients in prescribed amounts and proper proportion. It includes fruits and vegetables, grains, roots, beans, pulses, nuts and animal products.
Can you explain in terms of calories requirement?
A balanced diet should provide around 50-60% of total calories from carbohydrates, preferably from complex carbohydrates, about 10-15% from proteins and 20-30% from both visible and invisible fat.
What is the role of fruits?
Fruits contain vitamins, minerals, fibre and plant chemicals (phytonutrients).
Why do we need Calcium?
Calcium is essential for strong and healthy bones.
Which are the best sources of calcium?
Rich sources of calcium are milk, cheese, yoghurt and green leafy vegetables.
Are cooking oils good for the health?
No single oil can do the job. It is always recommended to use a combination of oils either blended or by rotation. Such as, groundnut oil, soya bean oil, sunflower oil, rice bran oil so that you get the benefit of all.
Will eating tomatoes and spinach cause stones in the kidney?
No. These are unfounded fears. Eating tomatoes and spinach may be little harmful to those who are prone to formation of stones in the kidneys.
Does excessive eating of salt increase blood pressure?
Yes, excessive eating of salt increase blood pressure
What is the role of breast milk for infants?
Breast milk is the single most important food for infants.
Why breast milk is considered as single most important food for infants?
Breast milk contains adequate amount of proteins, fats, calories, lactose, vitamins, iron, minerals, water and enzymes. It also boosts immunity of the baby which further protects baby from several infections. It is quick and easy to digest.