World Cancer Day is observed every year on 4th February. This day aims to raise awareness regarding cancer and focuses upon the need of early detection and treatment of cancer. It also focuses upon removing social stigma against cancer and spread the message that one can fight cancer. Taking this in consideration, a three year campaign with the theme “We can. I can.” has been undertaken for reach and impact. This theme focuses that all people have the power to take various actions to reduce the impact that cancer has on individuals, families and communities. World Cancer Day 2016-2018 aims to empower people as individuals or as a community to do their part to reduce the global burden of cancer.
Cancer has become very common in today’s times. Even though it has become a household name, it is still considered as a dreaded disease and associated with fear of losing a life. Though, it’s true that medicine has not found a solution but by adopting healthy lifestyle choices, we can reduce the social and environmental risk factors associated with cancer.
As an individual or together as a community, a lot of difference can be made. An individual can make healthy lifestyle choices, understand that early detection can save lives, share his/her your story and speak out. As a community you can create healthy environments; improve access to cancer care.
There are many myths as well associated with cancer. Read here.
So, what is Cancer?
Cancer, also called as malignancy, is an abnormal growth of cells. It is a group of diseases characterized by uncontrolled cell division that leads to abnormal tissue growth. It can affect almost any part of the body. There are several types of cancers including breast cancer, oral cancer, lung cancer, prostate cancer, skin cancer, lymphomas and leukemias (blood cancer) amongst many others. The disease might begin as a nodular growth in a specific part of body and later spread to distant sites also known as metastasis.
Cancers may be caused due to genetic mutations, hereditary, environmental or unknown factors. Some are preventable while others are not. One can avoid many cancers by adopting healthy lifestyle and avoiding exposure to common risk factors such as tobacco and alcohol. With the advancement in medicine, cancer can be cured by chemotherapy, radiation and/or surgery. At other times, if not cured, timely medical intervention can help the patient lead a better life.
For further information on cancer, please visit the following link: www.nhp.gov.in/disease/cancer
If you want to know about government’s programme regarding prevention and control of cancer, please visit the following link: