Antibiotic Awareness Week is a global initiative which is celebrated from 17th- 23rd November and Antibiotic awareness day is celebrated on 18th November to raise awareness about antibiotic resistance and judicious use of antibiotics.
Antibiotic Resistance-A Global Concern
Antibiotics are medicine used to treat infections caused by bacteria. Antibiotic Resistance refers to resistance developed by bacteria against antibiotics or the ability of bacteria to mutate or change so as to resist the effects of antibiotics.
Antibiotic resistance is mushrooming globally, significantly due to inappropriate or overuse of antibiotics. With increasing antibiotic resistance, the medical treatments become ineffective and infections still persist. Health care professionals are left with limited or no treatment options.
Antibiotic resistance is an urgent global health issue, with World Health Organisation accounting it as a looming crisis in which common and treatable infections are becoming life threatening.
Antibiotics are unquestionably useful against bacterial infections. However, indiscriminate use has resulted in development of resistance in patients with bacterial infections thereby leading to long lasting illnesses, need for more expensive and toxic medication and hence the prolonged treatment. . Therefore, rational use of antibiotics is essential in order to minimize antibiotic resistance.
What is causing this problem?
Irrational use and prescribing of antibiotics is the major cause for development of resistance.
Irrational use includes-
Irrational prescribing includes-
Consequences of Antibiotic Resistance
Use of antibiotics wisely-The only solution
The Antibiotic Resistance Coalition developed the Antibiotic Resistance Declaration in May 2014 and forwarded it to the last World Health Assembly. The Antibiotic Resistance Coalition launched the ‘Declaration on Antibiotic Resistance’ to advocate for policy change and action to prevent the post-antibiotic era from becoming a bleak reality.
The Declaration provides an overview of the key issues; firm suggestions about effective solutions; and the opportunity to commit to being part of the solution. The Link to the website is: www.abrdeclaration.org
What is an antibiotic?
The drug which kills or stops the growth of bacteria is called antibiotic. These are also known as antimicrobial drugs.
What are the key facts about antibiotics?
What is antibiotic resistance?
Antibiotic resistance is the ability of bacteria which resists the effects of an antibiotic. In this situation antibiotic is enabled to kill the bacteria and bacteria will continue to multiply in the body. It reduces the effectiveness of the drugs, chemicals or other agents designed to cure or prevent infections.
Which diseases are usually hit by antibiotic resistance?
What are the consequences of antibiotic resistance?
What precautions should I take to prevent antibiotic resistance?
So when should I take antibiotics?
You should take antibiotics only when doctor will prescribe them and only when these are necessary for the treatment.
Can antibiotic resistance develop from acne medication?
Yes, it is true some acne medications contain antibiotics, so it can develop antibiotic resistance.