It is a common human sexually transmitted infection caused by the bacterium Neisseria gonorrhea. It is most common in young adults. The bacteria that cause gonorrhea can infect the genital tract, mouth, or anus. Gonorrhea generally spreads during vaginal, oral, or anal sexual encounter with an infected partner. A pregnant woman can pass it to her baby during childbirth. The usual symptoms in men are burning with urination and penile discharge. Women, on the other hand, are asymptomatic half the time or have vaginal discharge and pelvic pain. In both men and women if gonorrhea is left untreated, it may spread locally causing epididymitis or pelvic inflammatory disease or throughout the body, affecting joints and heart valves.
Men: Men who contract gonorrhoea may experience symptoms like:
Women: In women, symptoms of gonorrhea can include:
Men and women: Both men and women can also catch gonorrhoea at other sites of the body. These include infection in the:
Gonorrhea is diagnosed with gram stain or with culture of the bacteria, however newer polymerase chain reaction (PCR) based testing methods are becoming more common.
For further diagnosis and confirmation, please consult your physician.
It is important to receive treatment for gonorrhea quickly. Gonorrhea can be treated with a single dose of antibiotics, usually one of the following:
Partner should also get treatment for gonorrhea, even if he/she has no signs or symptoms.
For treatment purpose please consult your physician.
The risk of infection can be reduced significantly by using condoms and by having a mutually monogamous relationship with an uninfected person.