An earthquake is a phenomenon that occurs without warning and involves violent shaking of the ground .It results from the release of accumulated stress of the moving lithospheric or crustal plates. Earthquakes have caused huge damage to life and property worldwide and posed a significant threat to India.
Earthquakes strike suddenly, violently, and without warning at any time of the year and at any time of the day or night. About 60% of India’s land area is prone to earthquake. Most Earthquakes last for a minute or less. Earthquakes are caused by movement of the Earth's tectonic plates.
Japan is one of the most earthquake-prone nations in the world.Some animals (dogs, snakes, fishes) may sense tremors and electrical signals before a quake but there are no scientific tools which can understand their mind.Earthquakes are mostly caused by geological faults, but they can also be caused by landslides, nuclear testing, mine tests, and volcanic activities.
Read more: Earthquake Disaster Guidelines
1. In case of earthquake, Identify safe places indoors and outdoors like:
2. Don't be near a glass window or mirrors or where heavy bookcases or other heavy furniture which could fall over.
3. If in a moving vehicle, avoid stopping near or under buildings, trees, overpasses, and utility wires.
4. Drop to the ground; take cover of a study table by sitting side wards so that when the destruction happens, it doesn't affect you.
5. If you are driving, avoid road bridges or ramps that might have be been damaged by the earthquake.
6. If you are trapped under debris, Do not move about or kick up dust. Shout only as a last resort. Shouting can cause you to inhale dangerous amounts of dust.