Global Iodine Deficiency Disorders (IDD) Prevention Day or World Iodine Deficiency Day is observed every year on 21st October. The aim behind this day is to generate awareness of adequate use of iodine and to highlight the consequences of iodine deficiency. The iodine deficiency disorders have become a major public health problem worldwide. In today's scenario one third of the world population is at the risk of iodine deficiency disorders. According to the WHO around 54 countries are still iodine – deficient. Iodine is a micro nutrient which is required for the human growth and development.
Deficiency of iodine may cause following disorders:
The commonest source of iodine is salt. However it can also be found in other foods such as:
Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ's)
What is iodine and why it is so important?
Iodine is a natural element and is an essential nutrient. It is very important for the human growth and development.
What is the meaning of iodized salt?
Iodized salt is a common salt containing iodine compound.
How much iodine does a person normally need?
The average daily requirement of iodine for a normal person is 150 micrograms (1,000,000 micrograms = 1 gm) in a day.
Do pregnant women need extra amount of iodine?
Yes, pregnant women need more iodine rather than normal women, because the effects of iodine deficiency are most severe in pregnant women and for their babies.
How can I judge that my salt contains iodine or not?
A low cost iodine / salt testing kit is available in the market. Through this kit you can determine iodine content in your salt.
If my salt is deficient in iodine then what should I do?
Non iodized salt is banned in the market. If you encounter any such problem then contact the nearest salt commissioner's office.
Can Iodine deficiency cause hair loss?
Yes, deficiency of iodine can lead to hair loss.
Is there is any connection between metabolism and iodine?
Yes, enough iodine is helpful for boosting the metabolism.
Is Iodine expensive?
No it is not