The history of Unani system of medicine can be traced back to ancient Egypt and Babylon. Egyptians made use of medicinal plants as a remedy for ailments. They also initiated surgery as a method of treatment. The studies of Papyri clearly show the ability of Egyptians in the field of medicine.
Imhotep (2800 BC) and Amenhotep (1550 BC) were some noted physicians of ancient Egpyt. Babylonians also played an important role in the history of Unani Medicine. During Asclepian period (1200 BC) the Greek developed this art of medicine drawing upon the medical knowledge of Egyptians and Babylonians. Hippocrates (460-370 BC), freed Medicine from the realm of superstition and magic, and gave it the status of Science. He was a dominating figure in the classical period of Greek medical history. By searching the natural causes of diseases and recording the existing knowledge, he set the ground for medicine to develop it as a systematic science. A Roman scholar Galen (129-200 AD) stabilized the foundation of this science. Arab and Persian scholars and physicians like Rabban Tabari (775-890 AD), Al Razi (865-925 AD) and Ibn-e- Sina (980-1037 AD) raised Unani System of Medicine to the great heights.