International Day of the Girl Child is celebrated each year on October 11. United Nations General Assembly had declared October 11 as the International Day of the Girl Child, to recognize girls’ rights and the unique challenges girls face around the world on December 19, 2011.
International Day of the Girl Child is celebrated with the objective to-
For the International Day of the Girl Child, 2017, the theme is: EmPOWER Girls: Before, during and after crises . It marks the beginning of global attention and action to the challenges and opportunities girls face before, during, and after crises. Whether caused by armed conflict or natural disaster, humanitarian crises always hurt women and girls the most. They are also vulnerable to sexual abuse and exploitation, during conflicts and in refugee camps.
Adolescent girls have the right to a safe, educated, and healthy life, not only during critical formative years, but also as they mature into women. If effectively supported during the adolescent years, girls have the potential to change the world; both as the empowered girls of today and as tomorrow’s workers, mothers, entrepreneurs, mentors, household heads, and political leaders.
Over the last 15 years, significant activities are done in improving the lives of girls during early childhood in the form of increased coverage for vaccination, providing health and nutritional care and primary education as compared to previous generations. However, there has been insufficient investment in addressing the challenges girls face when they enter the second decade of their lives. This includes obtaining quality secondary and higher education, avoiding child marriage, receiving information and services related to puberty and reproductive health, and protecting themselves against unwanted pregnancy, sexually transmitted disease and gender-based violence.
It is a good time to recognize the achievements made in supporting young girls and inspirations to support the current and upcoming generation of adolescent girls, to fulfill their potential as key persons in achieving Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs).
Various initiatives are taken by Government of India (GOI) to empower the girls with knowledge, values and skills, creating positive benefits for families and communities, today and tomorrow.
Beti Bacho, Beti Padho: Government of India has launched a Beti Bacho, Beti Padho initiative through a national campaign. This is a joint initiative of Ministry of Women and Child Development, Ministry of Health and Family Welfare (MOHFW) and Ministry of Human Resource Development.
The objectives of this initiative are:
Adolescent Health Programme is implemented with the help of MOHFW, GOI, it provides services to adolescents through adolescent reproductive and sexual health programme (ARSH), weekly iron and folic acid supplementation programme and scheme for promotion of menstrual hygiene.
“Happiness of a nation lies in the dignity of its daughters”