Measles (Khasra) is a highly contagious viral disease which affects mostly children. It is one of the leading causes of death and disability among young children. Measles Immunization Day is celebrated on 16th march every year to make people aware about this deadly disease and how they can deal with the same. There is no specific treatment for measles but there is a vaccine to protect from the disease, which is both safe as well as cost effective. Young children, who don’t receive measles immunization, are at highest risk of measles and its complications, including death.
In 2014, about 85% of the world's children received one dose of measles vaccine by their first birthday through routine health services. Measles vaccination resulted in a 79% drop in measles deaths that means it saved an estimated 17.1 million lives between 2000 and 2014 worldwide.
The first symptom of measles is usually a high fever, which begins about 10 to 12 days after exposure to measles infected person, along with, cold, redness of the eyes and rash. Measles spreads by coughing and sneezing, close personal contact or direct contact with infected nasal or throat secretions.
WHO recommends immunization for all children with 2 doses of measles vaccine, either alone, or in a measles-rubella (MR) or measles-mumps-rubella (MMR) combination. In India, measles vaccination is given under Universal Immunisation Programme at 9-12 months of age and 2 nd dose at 16-24 months of age.
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- PUBLISHED DATE : Mar 15, 2016
- PUBLISHED BY : Zahid
- CREATED / VALIDATED BY : Richa Verma
- LAST UPDATED BY : Mar 15, 2016
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