This tenet of classical homeopathy states that only one homeopathic medicine should be prescribed at a time and directs to choose and administer such a single remedy, which is most similar to the symptoms of the sick person. In homeopathy, the drug proving to ascertaining the curative property of a drug is done with a single remedy derived from a single source – primarily plant, mineral or chemical. They are the essence of homeopathy and therefore engage all the principles and concepts that make homeopathy a comprehensive system of medicine This was a trend setter at that time when the usual prescriptions contained as many as 26 drugs at a time. Observing this rule helps to avoid confusing and potentially complex remedy interactions.
The similar remedy selected for a sick person should be prescribed in minimum dose, so that when administered, there is no toxic effect on the body. It just acts as a triggering or catalytic agent to stimulate and strengthen the existing defense mechanism of the body. It does not need to be repeated frequently. The method of drug dynamisation or potentisation achieved, not only the reduction of drug quantity in each dose of homoeopathic medicine, but also the dynamic power gets increased progressively. This aspect of homoeopathy and the method discovered by Hahnemann 300 years before is to be only evaluated by new researches and studies which are now underway in nanoscience.
Drug dynamisation or Potentisation
Drugs are prepared in such a way that they retain maximum medicinal powers without producing any toxic action on the body. It was found experimentally by Dr. Hahnemann that when diluted drugs are powerfully succussed (a specified process in homoeopathy), they develop lasting medicinal powers. This process is continued under predetermined scales and the drugs are marked as 6C, 30C, 200C, 1000C etc., and LM potencies or strength. The method of preparing the drugs by the Master achieved two ideals; (1) - The toxicity of drug used in crude dosage have progressively reduced and (2) - increase the hidden (dynamic) medicinal properties of the drug. In other words, the drugs get dynamised or potentised progressively and evoke its curative properties.
Today, with our knowledge of nanoscience and nanotechnologies, homoeopathy is finding it easier to explain the scientificity of Hahnemanian concepts of homoeopathy. Hitherto, the scientific community was reluctant to accept homoeopathy as a science mainly because the homoeopathic higher potencies were often found to contain no medicinal matter in the form of material substances of the original product. Therefore, there were lot of scepticism on the plausibility on the effectiveness of homeopathic remedies to cure diseases. Science today, after 300 years of Hahnemann, accepts the existence of nanoparticles and such properties could be scientifically tested and experimented. The progress of nanotechnology is attaining phenomenal speed and branching into sciences like genomics, oncology, biology, and immunology. Nanoparticles could be biologically imaged and photographed using advanced electron microscopes which are available today. Some pioneering studies with homoeopathic medicines are going on at various centers the world over.
Concept of Vital Force
Dr. Hahnemann discovered that the human body is endowed with a force that reacts against the inimical forces, which produce disease. It becomes deranged during illness. Such reactions of the deranged vital force are the cause for the externally expressed signs and symptoms. Dr. Hahnemann has described the concept of vital force in aphorisms 9 to 17 in the Organon of Medicine. Literally speaking “vital” means essential and “force” means energy/ power, thus vital force means “essential energy” or “energy that is essential for life”.
The theory of Vital force in homeopathy is a unique philosophy which accepts the existence of a spirit like energy that drives the living organism both in health and disease. This concept has nothing to do with any religious beliefs, but postulates that life is not the mere collection of blood, bone and muscles or a living cell is not just some cytoplasm, mitochondria, nucleus, DNA and RNA. Homeopathy believes that there is an existence of an essential force in every living organism which maintains harmony of the functions and also differentiates the living from the dead. The vital force determines the state of health in that living organism, at mental, physical and spiritual levels.
Based on similarity between the signs and symptoms of disease and that observed of the drugs during drug proving, homeopathic medicine selected and administered, stimulates this failing vital force so that, as Hahnemann said, "it can again take the reins and conduct the system on way to health". Signs and symptoms reveal not only the disturbance within an organism which is usually called the “dis-ease” but also curative remedy, which will set right the problem. In homoeopathy, there is a critical disapproval of all practices aimed at suppression of the manifestation of the disease such as a discharging skin eruption, long-continued diarrhea or nasobronchial excretions as they are often dangerous. Earliest beginning of diseases, much before structural changes in the cells (a diagnosis), could be understood from the symptoms.
Homoeopathic treatment carefully adopted from the time of conception, pregnancy and early formative years of the child claims to free the child of the bad effects of hereditary influences and prevents various types of constitutional disorders in later life.
Hahnemann observed that in spite of best of treatment through the Law of Similia, certain diseases either did not responds well or recurred after a short interval. After detailed examination of such cases and conducting systematic studies, Hahnemann postulated that in such cases there remained certain fundamental cause which prevent recovery or cure.
By "chronic disease" Hahnemann did not mean exactly the same thing as is now generally understood by the phrase - a disease that lasts a long time and is incurable. To make his meaning clear, Hahnemann's own definition of acute and chronic diseases, from paragraph 72 of his Organon of medicine is as under:
The diseases to which is liable are either rapid morbid processes of the abnormally deranged vital force, which have a tendency to finish their course more or less quickly, but always in a moderate time - these are termed acute diseases ; or they are diseases of such a character that, with small, often imperceptible beginnings, dynamically derange the living organism, each in its own peculiar manner, and cause it to deviate from the healthy condition in such a way that the automatic life energy, called vital force, whose office it is preserve the health, only opposes to them at the commencement and during their progress, imperfect, unsuitable, useless resistance, but must helplessly suffer (them to spread and ) itself to bemore and more abnormally deranged, until at length the organism is destroyed ; these are termed chronic diseases. They are caused by infection from a chronic miasm."
Based on his experiments, Dr Hahnemann published the book titled “The Chronic Diseases: Their Peculiar Nature and Their Homoeopathic Cure”. A masterly work that compiles the original literature as given by the founder of the healing art. It covers the chronic diseases with their peculiar nature and their homeopathic cure. Detailed work of the basic concepts of miasms is given together with 48 antipsoric remedies with their original provings. Earlier this work was published in five parts (volumes) and every part except the second had its own preface, discussing some questions of general interest to homoeopathy. In the beginning of the year 1826 Hahnemann wrote the first two parts of this work. The volume 3 of the “Chronic disease” published in the year 1837 with a preface, which deals with the technical part of the Homoeopathy. At present this work is published in two volumes.
Concept of Miasm
Psora, Syphilis and Sycosis are the three fundamental causes of all chronic diseases that afflict the human race as discovered by Dr. Hahnemann. He called them miasm. This word is derived from Greek word miainein meaning ‘to pollute’. Syphilis and Sycosis are the venereal and contagious chronic diseases, whereas Psora is a non-venereal chronic disease. Psora is present from the beginning to the end of life and is the root cause of most of the diseases.
François Boissier de Sauvages de (1707-1767) was an opponent of the theory of simple experience. Boissiere wrote “Nosologie methodique” Miasmatic diseases are those diseases, which are caused by miasmatic matter, an evaporation which contains invisible destructive particles.
As a physician, Sauvages de Lacroix is credited with establishing a methodical nosology for diseases, a classification system that was in the spirit of Thomas Sydenham's earlier work, and was in accordance with methods used by botanists. His classification system listed 10 major classes of disease, which were further broken down into numerous orders, 295 genera, and 2400 species (individual diseases).
Hahnemann was familiar with the work Nosologie methodique, which he used at the time of his own dissertation.
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