World Asthma Day is a day dedicated towards creating awareness about asthma across the world. It is observed every year on 1st Tuesday of May. This year the theme being observed is, “You can control your asthma.” On this day activities are carried out throughout the world to motivate asthma patients to keep their asthma under control.
Asthma is a chronic disease that affects a person’s breathing. It is characterized by recurrent attacks of breathlessness that may be associated with whistling sounds. During an asthma attack, the lining of the airways swells, causing the airways to narrow that become more sensitive to environmental irritants, thus reducing the flow of air into and out of the lungs.
The exact cause of asthma is not yet known. But people having exposure to tobacco smoke, allergens or chemical irritants; family history of asthma or allergy and respiratory infections may be at higher risk of asthma. Some drugs, extreme cold weather, physical exercise and stress may also induce or trigger asthma. Asthma attacks usually start suddenly. They may typically occur in late night or early morning with difficulty in breathing and the person usually gasping for fresh air. Asthma can attack all age groups but often starts during childhood.
Asthma can be diagnosed with the help of clinical history, routine blood examinations and a chest X-ray. Although it can be managed with continuous medical care (including medications or inhalers), yet it is essential to avoid asthma triggers. Every patient plays a significant role in controlling his/her asthma. For e.g., crackers smoke may trigger asthma in some asthmatics. So, such patients should stay away from firecrackers. Therefore, it is essential to identify your triggers. Asthma if uncontrolled may also become a life-threatening disease.
You can control your asthma If you:
Facts on Asthma: