World Brain Tumour Day2019
World brain tumour day is observed on 8th of June every year since 2000. This daywas first observed by German Brain Tumour Association (Deutsche Hirntumorhilfe e.V.). This is a non-profit organisation which raises public awareness and educates people about brain tumour. The incidence of central nervous system (CNS) tumors in India ranges from 5 to 10 per 100,000 population with an increasing trend.Metastatic brain tumors occur when cancer located in another organ of the body spreads to the brain.40% of all cancers spread to brain.Brain and central nervous system tumors are also the second most common cancers in children, accounts for about 26% of childhood cancers.
Government of India has introduced National Programme for Prevention and Control of Cancer, Diabetes, Cardiovascular diseases & Stroke with the objectives of prevention, screening, early detection, diagnosis and treatment including palliative care in end stagefor the major non communicable diseases.
What is Brain Tumour?
Unnecessary growth of cells when body doesn’t require them is known as tumour. A brain tumour occurs when abnormal cellsare produced within any part of brain. There are two main types of tumours namely, malignant and benign(nonmalignant)tumours. Benign brain tumors are non-cancerous, while malignant primary brain tumors are cancerous. Most of the brain tumors are non-cancerous and less than one-third of brain tumors are cancerous. Brain tumour can occur at any age.
What are the symptoms of brain tumour?
The brain tumours may produce symptoms that vary depending on the part of the brain they begin. Some common symptoms are headaches, seizures, problem with vision, vomiting, and mental changes. Patient may feel headache and vomiting in the morning. More specific problems may include difficulty in walking, speaking and sensation.
What are the available treatments for Brain tumour?
Doctors may suggest following treatments according to their type, grade, and position of tumour and general health of patient.
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