12th May, the birthday of Florence Nightingale, founder of modern nursing has been designated as World Chronic Fatigue Syndrome Awareness Day. She probably suffered from fatiguing illness resembling Chronic Fatigue Syndrome (CFS) or fibromyalgia. The aim of the day is to spread awareness about this medical condition and its causes, symptoms and cure.
What is Chronic Fatigue Syndrome(CFS) ?
CFS is a complex disorder or medical condition in which the person feels extreme fatigue or tiredness for a long time and this fatigue does not go after rest. Sometimes it affects the ordinary daily activities of the person.
Some of the symptoms of CFS are very similar to many other illnesses:
In spite of number of researches scientists have not yet identified the exact causes of CFS. Some of the possible causes of CFS are as following:
It is difficult to diagnose CFS for the following reasons:
If the person is suffering from severe fatigue from more than 6 months and also experiences other symptoms such as generalized pain, memory problems, depression, stress and anxiety then there is a huge possibility that the patient may have CFS. To find out the possibility of CFS a complete medical history and a physical and mental status examination of the person will also be required.
There is no specific treatment for CFS. However, the doctors can help the patients to improve the quality of life by treating the symptoms such as sleep disorders, depression, nausea, pain and anxiety with medications. Supportive therapies such as counselling are also used to help patients to overcome the problems arising due to CFS.
CFS can be treated in the following manners: