21st March is observed as World Down Syndrome Day. The aim of this day is to spread awareness about the syndrome. This year the theme is ‘My Friend, My Community’.
Down syndrome, also called as Trisomy 21, is a genetic disorder caused by the presence of extra chromosome 21. Down syndrome affects the child development, mentally as well as physically. According to World Health Organisation (WHO), it is estimated that 1 out of every 1000 or 1100 children born is likely to suffer from Down syndrome.
In the past, people with Down syndrome could not live a long life. Times have changed now. Pregnant women can go for screening tests to detect Down syndrome and be prepared for it. Although there is no cure for it, yet with the advancement in medical science, children with Down syndrome can receive appropriate medical care. As a result such children can lead long life with adequate medical attention and family support.
Children with Down syndrome need special attention, love and care. Parents can be the best people to understand and support their child.
To know more about Down syndrome click here