World Malaria Day
World Malaria day is observed every year on 25 April to create awareness regarding Malaria.This year theme is “End malaria for good" Which set the vision of a malaria-free world set out in the "Global technical strategy for malaria 2016-2030". Adopted in May 2015 by the World Health Assembly, the strategy aims to dramatically lower the global malaria burden over the next 15 years. The goal of strategy is:
Malaria is caused by the bite of a female Anopheles mosquito. In India, the disease occurs throughout the year across the country. However, it is more prevalent during and after the rainy season due to mosquito breeding.
It is a leading cause of death not only in India but worldwide. According to World Health Organization (WHO), India contributes 77% of the total malaria cases in Southeast Asia. Most deaths occur in young children. The disease is a great drain on many national economies.
Take some special precautions to protect yourself against Malaria:
Frequently asked questions:
Is there a malaria vaccine?
Currently, there is no malaria vaccine approved for human use.
Why pregnant women must take special precautions?
Malaria in pregnant women can be more severe than in non pregnant women. Malaria can increase the risk for adverse pregnancy outcomes, including prematurity, miscarriage, and stillbirth.
What is the treatment for malaria?
Malaria can be cured with prescription drugs. The type of drugs and length of treatment depend on which kind of malaria is diagnosed, where the patient was infected, the age of the patient, whether the patient is pregnant, and how severely ill the patient is at start of treatment.
What are the preventions for Malaria?
According to WHO, Vector control is the main way to prevent and reduce malaria transmission. There are two forms of vector control, one is insecticide-treated mosquito nets and another one is indoor residual spraying.
Which are the malaria high-risk areas in our country?
No area in the country can be said safe for malaria except places at altitude above 2000-2500 meters. The states of Orissa, West Bengal, Jharkhand, Rajasthan, Madhya Pradesh, Chhattisgarh, Andhra Pradesh, Maharashtra, Gujarat & North Eastern states (except Sikkim) are high risk states for malaria.
To know more about Malaria, click here
To know more Statics related to Malaria, visit National Health Profile (NHP) of India – 2013
To know about National Anti Malaria Programme