World Mental Health Day
World Mental Health Day is celebrated on 10th of October annually across the world to create awareness on mental health issues. The theme of this year’s World Mental Health Day is “psychological first aid”. As the name suggests, psychological first aid covers both psychological and social support. Just like general health care never consists of physical first aid alone, similarly no mental health care system should consist of psychological first aid alone. Indeed, the investment in psychological first aid is part of a longer-term effort to ensure that anyone in acute distress due to a crisis is able to receive basic support, and that those who need more than psychological first aid will receive additional advanced support from health, mental health and social services.
Mental health disorder is one of the common disorders across the globe. According to World Health Organization, there are approximately 450 million people who suffer from mental disorders. In India, around 1.5 million people are affected from severe mental health problems, including children and adolescents.
Mental illness affects the way a person feels, think or act. This leads to disruption in attentiveness, mood, and concentration, ability to organize and communicate; eventually a person becomes victim of abnormal behaviour, struggling to cope with daily life, thereby making it a serious health concern. Therefore, the Government of India had started the National Mental Health Program (NMHP) in 1982, considering the heavy burden of mental illness in the country.
Root causes of Mental illness
There are various factors responsible for mental health problems such as
Stigma related to Mental illness
There is a misconception that the people suffering from mental disorders are violent and dangerous to public. Such negative attitude and misbelief results in social distance, particularly for those experiencing psychotic disorders. This results in social stigma.
The inability to communicate effectively to the general public has a damaging effect on the mentally affected individuals, as well as the society as a whole. That's why, the public awareness and social support to mentally sick individuals play a key role to combat this stigma.
Let's give a helping hand to an individual with Mental illness