World Obesity Day
October 26 is celebrated across the world as World Obesity Day. This year this day is focused on child obesity. Child and adolescent obesity has risen rapidly around the world, with few countries taking action against this damaging health issue which affects later health, educational attainment and quality of life.
Obesity can negatively impact on a child’s immediate and long-term health, educational attainment and quality of life. Progress towards ending childhood obesity has been slow and inconsistent around the world.
In May 2016, the 69th World Health Assembly committed to establishing national strategies to end childhood obesity as recommended by the WHO Commission on Ending Childhood Obesity.
In India, about 11.2% of the population was found to be overweight or obese. Thus, obesity is increasing at an alarming rate and needs to be managed to safeguard our future.
In today's world, a large population, especially the younger generation, is obsessed with its physical appearance and therefore, considers reducing weight to be of prime importance. But, people very often forget that obesity is also a medical condition and can lead to severe ill-health or even death. Obesity is not only caused due to over-eating but also due to adopting wrong eating habits.
Obesity means having too much fat in body tissues, which is different from being overweight. Both terms mean that a person's weight is greater than what's considered healthy for his or her height. Obesity occurs when you eat more calories than you need. The balance between calories-in and calories-out differs for person to person. Factors that might affect your weight include your genetic makeup, overeating, eating high-fat foods, and not being physically active.
Being obese increases your risk of diabetes, heart disease, stroke, arthritis, some types of cancers, Hypertension hypertension (high blood pressure) and high cholesterol at an early age.
Body mass index (BMI) is a simple index of weight-for-height that is commonly used to classify overweight and obesity in adults. It is defined as a person's weight in kilograms divided by the square of his height in meters (kg/m2).
How to identify if you are obese or not?
Calculate your Body Mass Index
BMI = Weight (kg) / Height (m2)
BMI < 18.5: Undernourished
BMI > 25 : Overweight
Tips to reduce weight
Eat plenty of fresh fruits and vegetables and less of fried foods.
Eat fibre rich foods like whole grains, pulses and sprouts in your diet.
Prefer to steam your vegetables rather than fry them.
Eat small meals every 2-3 hours regularly rather than consuming large meals.
Reduce the consumption of sugar, alcohol and fatty foods (in your diet).
Exercise daily in order to keep your body weight under control.
Prefer to climb stairs rather than using elevators or escalators.
Avoid sitting in the same position for longer duration at your workplaces. Take short breaks frequently.
Lose weight gradually. Avoid weight loss surgery unless advised for medical reasons.
- PUBLISHED DATE : Oct 25, 2016
- PUBLISHED BY : Zahid
- CREATED / VALIDATED BY : Sunita
- LAST UPDATED BY : Oct 25, 2016
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